Hypothyroidism In Pregnancy: Reasons and Cure

Hypothyroidism during pregnancy is these days normal. Almost 50% of pregnant women get hypothyroidism during their pregnancy, but this can be very dangerous and also a life-threatening thing if not treated at the right time. Hypothyroidism before pregnancy and during pregnancy aren’t the same thing and both needs to be addressed differently.

So here I am going to tell you today what exactly s hypothyroidism, why it happens and also what’s the cure for it.

What is hypothyroidism in pregnancy?

Thyroid is basically a butterfly shaped gland which is present in throat of human being. It is generally 2-inch-long and weighs upto 500gm. The hormone secreted by the gland help in the growth and development of the baby in the womb during pregnancy. Chorionic gonadotropin and estrogen secreted during pregnancy help in the thyroid gland formation in kids almost 12 weeks after pregnancy. This increases the level of thyroid hormone in pregnant women.

Generally, hypothyroidism also occurs due to lower iodine content in the body. According to WHO, a pregnant woman should take 200-250 mg of iodine intake daily to maintain proper thyroid level.

Now the symptoms of hypothyroidism include:

  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Not proper growth of the baby in the womb
  • Intolerance to cold
  • Sudden weight gain
  • Memory loss and impatience
  • Joint pain
  • Hair-fall and brittle nails
  • Numbness in the fingertips etc.

Now if you feel you are having these symptoms, get your blood tested for thyroid check and thereby your will get to know. If you are already suffering from hypothyroidism before pregnancy, it is advisable to always consult a doctor during the tenure of pregnancy regarding the same.

Side effects of hypothyroidism:

  • Pre-eclampsia
  • Anaemia
  • Low weight of baby after birth
  • Heart diseases of the baby
  • Eye-sight issues of the baby
  • Not proper brain development of the baby

What is to be eaten and not to be eaten if you are having hypothyroidism during pregnancy?

To be eaten:

  • Eggs, meat, fish
  • Green leafy veggies
  • Fruits and nuts
  • Milk

Not to be eaten:

  • Spicy foods
  • Too much of tea/coffee
  • Soya protein
  • Drinks or cigarette

Steps to be taken if you have hypothyroidism during pregnancy:

If you get detected with hypothyroidism from blood test, if is very important to keep consulting your doctor on a regular basis. Now in many cases thyroid tablets may even harm the baby in the womb, so proper check-up and medication is very important. Yoga, meditation, walks helps in borderline cases, but in severe cases it is always beneficial to keep doctor in loop.

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Bleeding During Pregnancy: Reason & Ways To Avoid It

Around 30% women (according to surveys) are found to face bleeding during pregnancy. This happens generally within the first trimester and along with several other reasons for it, miscarriage can also be one of the reasons for this bleeding. So, in this blog we are going to discuss all about bleeding during pregnancy.

Reason and symptoms for bleeding during pregnancy:

Bleeding can be of two types: heavy bleeding or spotting (scattered bleeding).    In the initial days of pregnancy, bleeding can be due to implantation of the sperm, but this becomes a serious issue if the bleeding occurs in the third trimester. There can be several reason for this phenomenon, and they are:

  • Implantation
  • Miscarriage
  • Vaginal infection
  • Ectopic pregnancy wherein baby comes inside the fallopian tube and then it has chances to even tear off
  • Molar pregnancy wherein in ultrasound it gets detected that the baby in the womb has grown in an un-proportioned size
  • Having sex during pregnancy
  • Tears in vagina
  • Rupture of fallopian tube by some way
  • Hormonal dis-balance
  • Premature delivery

In case of bleeding, do consult a doctor to know the reason of the same and get the solution. These can be the symptoms along with bleeding:

  • Feeling too tired
  • Getting exhausted too soon
  • Getting dizzy
  • Getting too much thirsty
  • Rapid heart beat
  • Stomach pain

In cases of bleeding during pregnancy the doctor can suggest you to:

  • Take sufficient rest if the bleeding is due to miscarriage
  • Surgery in cases of Ectopic pregnancy 
  • Blood infusion
  • In cases of fallopian tube rupture, caesarean delivery

Ways to handle bleeding during pregnancy by home remedies:

  • Take sufficient rest
  • Don’t lift heavy weights
  • Don’t have sex
  • Drink lots of water
  • Use pads in cases of excessive bleeding

In cases of heavy bleeding, anaemia chances of the woman increase and also if the bleeding is due to placental rupture, it can even lead to death of the woman.

Also, excessive bleeding can result in pre-mature delivery and if it’s a case of placental rupture, it can lead to death of the baby in womb.

Just in case you see the symptoms of bleeding, keep a pad in handy with you and also do visit a doctor to find out the reason and ways to cure the same!

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How Much Weight Gain During Pregnancy Is Normal?

Weight gain during pregnancy is very very normal with the growth of the baby. But also, there is a range upto which weigh gain is normal, beyond that might be harmful for both the mum and the baby. So let us know in this blog what’s that safe limit.

The amount of weight gain basically depends on body BMI index. BMI is to be calculated as:

Weight/height in cm

Now if the BMI is:

>18.5: Low BMI

18.5-24: Normal BMI

25-29.9: High BMI

<30: Obese

BMIPermissible increment in weight in every week after trimester

Now let’s see what promotes this weight gain:

Total weight might increase upto: 11-15kg

  • Weight of the baby during birth (generally): 2-3.6kg

Placenta: 0.90-1.36 kg

Amniotic fluid: 0.90-1.36 kg

Breasts: 0.90-1.36 kg

Increased blood pressure: 1.81 kg

There can be a number of other attributes as well to promote weight gain during this phase of life.

Now if there is too much weight gain during pregnancy, that can lead to several issues like:

  • Diabetes
  • Extreme labour pain
  • Waist pain
  • Chances of miscarriage etc

In case of excessive weight gain, it is always advisable to visit the doctor.

Ways to control weight during pregnancy:

  • Eat at frequent intervals but in optimum quantity only
  • Instead of solid meal, increase fluid or liquid food intake
  • Increase intake of protein in diet
  • Do some exercise or yoga daily
  • Do not try to increase your appetite
  • Strict no for fast food

Now what if your weight decreases during pregnancy?

It can be somewhat dangerous for the momy as well as the baby if there is drastic decrease in weight during pregnancy, which can occur in cases where BMI is already below 18.5. these are the possible things which might happen if weight decreases:

  • Premature delivery
  • Excessive labour pain
  • Miscarriage
  • Death of the baby
  • Decreased weight of the baby

How to now keep weight in control or increase weight in case of decrement of weight during pregnancy?

  • Do not stay hungry
  • Drink milk or take milk proteins
  • Eat green leafy veggies
  • Drink lots of juice
  • Cut down salt and sugar intake
  • Take sufficient rest

Remember, over gain or over loss of weight during pregnancy both can be harmful in its own ways. Take proper measures to prevent either of it!

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6 Signs That Your Labour Is Approaching

Hi Mommies & Daddies,

In India would be mommies generally do not take classes which prepare them Delivery & Labour, which is pretty common is other countries. So I thought to share some points or signs which give you indication that you labour is approaching soon. However labour can happen anytime and you can not say surely until it happens. Still there are few signs which indicates that labour is approaching 🙂

1. You have a gut feeling that labor is starting soon: Now you may find it strange but it actually happens. As per my Gyne these was time but I had a strong feeling that my baby gonna arrive soon. Bingo! He did 😉

2. Braxton Hicks contractions: Braxton Hicks contractions are actually sign that soon you will experience real one. I started experiencing Braxton Hicks contractions few weeks before labor pain. Believe me they are damn unpredictable but not that much painful (Aiyaaa!!! Labour pain) . My mom said when they become more frequent & stronger it means soon your labour pain will start.

3. Change in energy Level of to be mom: I was fully charge during those days, everybody was like “Itni energy 😉 . I was in pain (Braxton Hicks) but was extremely energetic, but on the other hand a lot women feels low energy level or sleepy. However it is not a full proof sign that you are in labour soon.

4. Brown or Pink Discharge: When cervix dilates you could have some bleeding which results in brown or pink color discharge. So this Brown or Pink color discharge can be indication that you can be in labour soon.

5. Baby feels in Pelvis: You will start feeling that baby has dropped lower in your Pelvis. This feeling is difficult to explain but you will automatically start feeling when baby starts getting into position.

6. Your cervix dilates: Your cervix starts to dilate (open) and efface (thin out) in the days or weeks before you deliver. You will get to know about it through your weekly checkups.

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6 Labour Support Tips For Husbands/Dads

Hello mommies & Daddies,

A woman carries a baby for 9 months & then delivers it. The whole process brings pain but along with that also brings the most beautiful moment of the life for a couple. You will find a lot of articles talking about tips for a mom for labour but rarely talks about dads. So in this post I am sharing 6 Labour Support Tips For Husbands/Dads.

Be supportive: Be a support system & keep motivating your wife. Ask her that what her expectations from the doctor. How she is feeling? You should also talk to her about the things which can make her feel good.

Do not panic: I know that it also a new experience for you & you may panic or get nervous. But as I said you have to be support system of your wife. So even if you are nervous don’t show it on your face.

Keep everyone update: You have to update about situation to your relatives and family. My husband skipped my massi & result was that she felt neglected (he he).

Be there: Labour can be a long process & your wife may be panicking so be there for her. I know there are a lot thing which will be keeping you busy (like filling form, talking to doctor, bringing medicine etc). But don’t neglect your wife meanwhile.

Pack your hospital bag too: Yes! You heard it right. You also have to prepare your bag with your clothes, slippers, snacks, toiletries etc. Your stay can be from 1 to 3 days in the hospital with your wife.

Capture the moments: This day will be a life time experience so don’t forget to capture the moments. Like the first glimpse of your baby, the first time your wife holding your bundle of joy etc

The pain a woman goes through can’t be shared but a husband can definitely be a source of strength 🙂

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Things You Should Avoid Eating & Drinking During Pregnancy

Hello everyone!!

Pregnancy is that stage of life which brings the maximum happiness and a whole lot of new rays of hope in a female’s life. This stage brings excitement in the would-be mother as well as also her near and dear ones. This also follows the flood gates of suggestions, may it be from family, relatives, neighbors and who not..

The loads of advice also at times make the concerned person confused regarding what advice to take and what to let it go. So today I will be sharing with you all, the would-be mommies, the list of things that should not be eating as well as drinking during this stage of life.

The list goes as follows:

  1. Raw/Unpasteurized milk: Being rich in Calcium, milk in general is really good for health during the time of pregnancy. But raw/unpasteurized milk might result in indigestion. So it is advisable to avoid raw milk during the time of pregnancy. Also do avoid drinking milk immediately after taking it out of the fridge.
  2. Jackfruit and Brinjal: You are advised to reduce the intake of these two veggies during the time of pregnancy. Smaller quantity intake is manageable, but do avoid taking these in large quantity as well as frequency.
  3. Tea/Coffee: These should be avoided as they are rich in caffeine content and caffeine is not at all beneficial during the time of pregnancy. If you are too much used to having tea/coffee and its becoming difficult for you to completely stop it, start with reducing the frequency of the same. In general there is a normal tendency of acidity during pregnancy, and if you consume too much of tea/coffee, it adds on to the acidity effect. Along with it, also do avoid cold drinks during this time.
  4. Spicy Food: Spicy foods are generally difficult to digest and also it can add on to acidity. Prefer having home food and forget outside food for a while.
  5. Alcohol and Smoking: These two affects the development of the baby in the mother’s womb, and thus is advised to strictly avoid them.
  6. Cardamom: It generates heat in body, and thus again is advised to avoid. Mixing it with tea at times is fine, but do avoid in large quantities.
  7. Un-prescribed Medicines: This is to be strictly avoided without the advice of doctor. During the time of pregnancy, you might at times feel some or the other issues, but even for that don’t immediately grab a medicine without the prescription of an authorised doctor.
  8. Papaya and Pineapple: These two fruits have high Vitamin C content and I personally was strictly told by my doctor to avoid these two during the time of pregnancy.
  9. Raw/Uncooked Meat: If you are a non-vegetarian, do avoid eating half boiled eggs or half cooked meat. Also do strictly avoid taking junk foods. I do agree that food cravings increases during the time of pregnancy, but junk foods should be a strict NO.

So ya, these are all the things that you should be avoiding during the time of pregnancy.

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Diabetes During Pregnancy: Ways To Cure & Avoid It

Along with multiple other body and hormonal changed during pregnancy, there is one more thing which many woman suffer form and that’s diabetes. This kind of diabetes during pregnancy is known as gestational diabetes. Now that this has become a new and common problem in would be mommies, in this blog I will be telling you ways to deal with it.

What is this gestational diabetes?

The diabetes level which is found in pregnant women generally between 24th to 28th week of pregnancy is the gestational diabetes. If you look at the statistics, in India, 9.2% of pregnant women suffer from this gestational diabetes.

Reason of this gestational diabetes?

Pregnancy demands increased insulin formation in the body, and insulin is that hormone which controls body glucose level. Now in cases where the body is unable to product enough insulin, then the sugar level increases and that leads to gestational diabetes. Generally gestational diabetes gets cured on its own after the baby is born, in some cases, it can even continue after pregnancy. Now some of the reasons which can aggravate sugar during pregnancy are:

  • Too much of weight gain before or during pregnancy: If you have an abnormally high BMI index before pregnancy, that might pose a high risk for getting gestational diabetes. For pregnant women BMI is supposed to stay between 11-16.
  • Too much fat in belly: Too much belly fat can lead to gestational diabetes and the only way to avoid it is to do regular yoga and exercises.
  • Getting pregnant after 35 years of age: Pregnancy after the age of 35 or nearby has chances of gestational diabetes and in that case women have to be extra cautious regarding diet and lifestyle.
  • Heredity: Gestational diabetes largely also depends on heredity.

Indications of gestational diabetes?

Frequent urination or excessive and frequent thirst or excessive tiredness or blurred vision are the most common indications to gestational diabetes. In these cases, get yourself checked and confirmed about your sugar levels.

How is test for gestational diabetes done?

There are majorly two different types of test for checking gestational diabetes:

A1C Test: Here blood sample is taken in fasting stage and test is done to ascertain diabetes.

RPG Test: This is the Rapid Plasma Glucose test which can be done at any point of time and fasting isn’t a mandate for this one.

Effect on the Baby and Mom due to gestational diabetes:

Effects on the baby:

  • High blood sugar can reach the baby in the womb via placenta and that can result in increased weight of the baby
  • High blood sugar can lead to high amount of amniotic fluid around the baby in the womb and this scenario is known as polyhydramnios.

Effects on mom:

  • Chances of miscarriage
  • Cesarean deliver chances
  • Premature delivery
  • gestational hypertension

Things to be kept in mind if you get gestational diabetes:

  • Take a little extra care regarding food habits, and increase protein intake
  • Do exercise regularly
  • If you have very high level of sugar, take insulin on doctor’s prescription
  • Get health check-up done daily

Tips to avoid sugar during pregnancy:

  • Exercise: Exercise plays a vital role in regulating blood sugar levels, if not exercise, walk 5000 minimum steps regularly.
  • Folic Acid intake: With doctor’s prescription, if you take folic acid tablets, that regulates blood sugar levels.
  • Food habits: Maintain proper and healthy diet and increase protein intake.

One thing to be kept in mind is that if you have got gestational diabetes in the first pregnancy time, it has chances to recur in future pregnancies as well. So be extra cautious!

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Headache During Pregnancy: Reasons & Solutions

Headache is one of the most common things that all of us suffer from, sometime or the other. And during pregnancy, when the body already goes through a lot of hormonal changes and all, headache isn’t something unnatural. What you need to avoids during pregnancy is pain killer for headache because any medicine, which isn’t particularly prescribed by your gynae, can cause adverse effect on the baby inside your womb.

There can be multiple reasons for headache during the time of pregnancy. Some of those are:

  1. Acidity: An empty stomach for long hours causes gas and acidity issues and that might lead to headache often.
  2. Heat: Sunrays and the heat due to that is one of the most common causes of headache. So in case you need to step out in sun, do cover yourself properly so that you are protected from the sun.
  3. Oxygen deficiency: If you face oxygen deficiency, which might be a reason for headache. In that case go take a stroll in fresh air and open environment.
  4. Incomplete sleep: Incomplete or insufficient sleep can be a regular cause of headache.

The headache during pregnancy can trouble you a lot as already body goes through a lot many changes during this phase. So now let us see how to tackle headache during pregnancy without the help of any medicines:

  1. Take a cold water shower or if that’s not possible, do splash some cold water on face. This will make you feel fresh and relieved to a good extent.
  2. Cold bad compress over the forehead is the age old way of getting relieved from headache.
  3. Get a good head massage done by someone when you are having the headache. This relieves muscular tension and reduces headache.
  4. Now if you are getting headache during winter, do a warm water bag compress, this works equally as good as cold water compress during summers.
  5. Ginger is one great ingredient to relieve you from headache. But this is most effective to specifically relieve migraine related headaches.
  6. A good oil massage in the head and neck also helps reduce muscular tension and helps relieve headache. Any regular hair oil works for this method.
  7. Sandalwood is well known for bringing that glow to skin, but did you know that this is even effective in mitigating headache? Sandalwood paste mixed with water when applied on skin or if not that, sandalwood oil helps relieve headache. The amazing therapeutic smell of sandalwood helps do the job.

Hope these solutions can address your headache during this crucial phase of life!

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Constipation During Pregnancy: Reasons and Solutions

Constipation is one of the very common problem faced by would be mommy during the time of pregnancy. And it generally starts form the 1st trimester i.e. after 3 months of being pregnant. So today I am going tell you in detail about the reason why this happens and also the solutions to this which you can opt for.

Let’s first see what are the reasons for constipation during this period:

During this phase of pregnancy, due to the various hormonal changes, the breakdown of food becomes an issue inside the stomach. The various predominant reasons are:

  • Due to various hormonal imbalance, progesterone secretion becomes unregulated which regulates the passage of faces and lowers it down.
  • Changes in the regular food habit during pregnancy affects constipation.
  • The increment in the size of the womb puts pressure in the anal tract and that might cause constipation.
  • Iron supplements consumed during this period may trigger constipation.

Now let us see the ways to overcome constipation during the period of pregnancy:

  • Drinking proper amount of water which is 10-12 glass will help in mood movement and thereby help food passage and prevent pregnancy.
  • Drinking orange juice, 1 cup daily helps relieve constipation.
  • Include more of fluid intake during this period to keep constipation at bay.
  • Don’t consume cold food direct form the refrigerator.
  • Eat fibrous fruits as fibres helps form faces and help keep constipation at bay.
  • Too much of calcium intake can trigger constipation, so do avoid that
  • Honey before lunch or dinner daily helps in preventing constipation.
  • Completely avoid fast food and aerated drinks if you are already suffering from constipation.
  • Keep a fixed timing for lunch-dinner and other regular meals.
  • Drinking castor oil mixed in warm water before going to sleep helps relieve constipation.
  • Consume dinner at least 2 hours before going to bed.
  • Keep meals light and consume at regular intervals.
  • Consult a doctor and do some light exercises.
  • Daily yoga helps keep constipation at bay.

Now if you are the one who is suffering from excessive of constipation, do visit and consult a doctor for the same, otherwise follow the above things to keep mild constipation at bay!

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Reasons Of Tired Feeling During Pregnancy & Solutions

Weakness and tiredness during pregnancy is something that majority of the would be mommy’s face during pregnancy. According to doctors, this tiredness happens during the initial few months of pregnancy. During the pregnancy, there is a huge hormonal change that the body undergoes and each and every part of the body faces those changes. Thus a tired feeling at the initial stages is very normal for majority women.

Now this tiredness can happen due to some reasons which might turn out to be harmful for you as well, those are:

  • Anaemia: The reduced blood level leading to mild or severe anaemia at the time of pregnancy can lead to excessive tiredness and that should be immediately taken care of as it might turn out to be dangerous.
  • Depression: Some medicines taken during pregnancy can result in depression and that can in turn lead to tiredness. If that’s the case, do visit your doctor and get it changed.

Generally the tiredness during pregnancy continues from 1st trimester to 3rd trimester. The reason of this is that during this phase, the body of mommies goes through a lot changes to let the baby in the womb grow. This also results in high hormonal changes which is something unusual to the body and thereby the body feels tired and drowsy.

How to deal with tiredness during this phase?

Unless the tiredness is severe, there are some home remedies which can help you get rid of tiredness in the body. Those are:

  • A good sleep: A sound sleep for 8 hours is a very good way to revive the health and feel fresh. Try getting that beauty sleep which will definitely help make you feel fresh.
  • Eat well: Good food is a must during this phase, for the mommy as well as the baby in the womb. And not only that, the right food also helps keep tiredness away.
  • Have a balanced and nutritious diet: Balanced and nutritious diet helps maintain the blood balance in the body which is a vital part of pregnancy and thus keeps you feeling fresh.
  • Avoid sugary food: This is a must during pregnancy. Once you cut down your sugar intake, you yourself will feel the difference, it will leave you feeling energetic the whole day.
  • Do some light exercise: Get the direction from your doctor and do exercises which is beneficial during this time. This will keep you energetic and revived.

SO these are the ways in which you can keep your tiredness at bay during that vital phase of life!

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