Hypothyroidism during pregnancy is these days normal. Almost 50% of pregnant women get hypothyroidism during their pregnancy, but this can be very dangerous and also a life-threatening thing if not treated at the right time. Hypothyroidism before pregnancy and during pregnancy aren’t the same thing and both needs to be addressed differently.
So here I am going to tell you today what exactly s hypothyroidism, why it happens and also what’s the cure for it.
What is hypothyroidism in pregnancy?
Thyroid is basically a butterfly shaped gland which is present in throat of human being. It is generally 2-inch-long and weighs upto 500gm. The hormone secreted by the gland help in the growth and development of the baby in the womb during pregnancy. Chorionic gonadotropin and estrogen secreted during pregnancy help in the thyroid gland formation in kids almost 12 weeks after pregnancy. This increases the level of thyroid hormone in pregnant women.
Generally, hypothyroidism also occurs due to lower iodine content in the body. According to WHO, a pregnant woman should take 200-250 mg of iodine intake daily to maintain proper thyroid level.
Now the symptoms of hypothyroidism include:
- Difficulty in breathing
- Not proper growth of the baby in the womb
- Intolerance to cold
- Sudden weight gain
- Memory loss and impatience
- Joint pain
- Hair-fall and brittle nails
- Numbness in the fingertips etc.
Now if you feel you are having these symptoms, get your blood tested for thyroid check and thereby your will get to know. If you are already suffering from hypothyroidism before pregnancy, it is advisable to always consult a doctor during the tenure of pregnancy regarding the same.
Side effects of hypothyroidism:
- Low weight of baby after birth
- Heart diseases of the baby
- Eye-sight issues of the baby
- Not proper brain development of the baby
What is to be eaten and not to be eaten if you are having hypothyroidism during pregnancy?
To be eaten:
- Eggs, meat, fish
- Green leafy veggies
- Fruits and nuts
Not to be eaten:
- Spicy foods
- Too much of tea/coffee
- Soya protein
- Drinks or cigarette
Steps to be taken if you have hypothyroidism during pregnancy:
If you get detected with hypothyroidism from blood test, if is very important to keep consulting your doctor on a regular basis. Now in many cases thyroid tablets may even harm the baby in the womb, so proper check-up and medication is very important. Yoga, meditation, walks helps in borderline cases, but in severe cases it is always beneficial to keep doctor in loop.